20230717 
14:3015:15 
20230717,14:3015:15  LR3 (A31a 2F) 
0717 Afternoon Math Lecture Room 3 (A31a 2F)

Speaker 
Rational approximations of irrational numbers Given quantities $\Delta_1,\Delta_2,\dots\geqslant 0$, a fundamental problem in Diophantine approximation is to understand which irrational numbers $x$ have infinitely many reduced rational approximations $a/q$ such that $xa/q<\Delta_q$. Depending on the choice of $\Delta_q$ and of $x$, this question may be very hard. However, Duffin and Schaeffer conjectured in 1941 that if we assume a ``metric'' point of view, the question is governed by a simple zeroone law: writing $\varphi$ for Euler's totient function, we either have $\sum_{q=1}^\infty \varphi(q)\Delta_q=\infty$ and then almost all irrational numbers (in the Lebesgue sense) are approximable, or $\sum_{q=1}^\infty\varphi(q)\Delta_q<\infty$ and almost no irrationals are approximable. I will present the history of the DuffinSchaeffer conjecture and the main ideas behind the recent work of KoukoulopoulosMaynard that settled it.
